Initially the duo's act was simply that of variety show dancers. Here they found that there was an audience for the performance of traditional Spanish music and dance in a form that was adapted to suit international tastes.
The duo were spotted by Leon Deane, manager of the German subsidiary of record company RCA , whilst performing flamenco dance and traditional Spanish songs for tourists mostly German in the Tres Islas Hotel on the island of Fuerteventura. He developed their stage performance and recruited their instrumental support. Mateos and Mendiola were retitled Baccara , after the name of the black rose , in reference to the women's dark Spanish appearance.
Soja is generally credited with the Baccara formula—consisting of breathy lyrics, lush backing, a disco beat and the striking image of two women Mateos dressed in black, Mendiola in white dancing. While drawing lightly on Spanish flamenco song and dance tradition, the formula was very much rooted in s disco music.
Soja's song arrangements generally used Mateos as the lead singer while Mendiola contributed backing and refrains. Recorded in the Netherlands and released in , "Yes Sir, I Can Boogie" was an enormous pan-European hit and was a prime example of the phenomenon that is known as the "summer hit". It is also one of the best known examples of the Euro disco genre:. Later that year a self-titled album , written and produced by Soja and Dostal, was released.
The album Baccara was the first platinum selling album - actually double platinum in - by a foreign group in Finland. In , the album still remains the 6th biggest selling album of all time in Finland. A follow-up single, "Sorry, I'm a Lady", was also an international hit, peaking at the top of the charts in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium and reaching the top ten in the UK, Sweden and Switzerland.
They recorded different language versions of some songs see Discography below. Touring in Europe during the late s helped the band establish a firm fan base in Germany where their records continued to be produced and the Scandinavian countries, and their Spanish-flavoured interpretation of the disco sound also brought them recognition in Japan and Russia.
Baccara represented West Germany at the eighth World Popular Song Festival held in November — until it ended in the largest such contest in the world. Their song, "Mad in Madrid", came 14th out of 37 participating countries. However high sales, particularly in Denmark , Sweden and Belgium , meant that the single was a commercial success. Further recognition came in when Baccara was granted Germany's most prestigious media award, Burda Publishing Group 's Bambi prize.
This is offered annually to "celebrities whose abilities have impressed, moved and enthused the people in Germany". Both of these Baccara recordings have become iconic.
Although still successful, sales of these and other releases in were disappointing. Baccara's fourth and final album in the band's original incarnation was Bad Boys , released in By this time the disco sound had been overshadowed by newer music movements such as punk , new wave and synthpop in much of Europe and interest was largely confined to those countries where the duo had an established fan base, notably Germany. The album was not released in the UK or US.
Accordingly, in upcoming years large mass streams of spent batteries are to be expected. Their handling and processing are as of now not yet clear.
The colloquium will address the challenges of integrating Li-Ion batteries into a circular economy and give an insight into several new developments and technological concepts in fields of battery logistics, mechanical and pyrometallurgical processing.
Especially the expected growth rates in the field of electromobility will lead to a growing number of spent batteries in the near future. One battery unit of a full electric vehicle PEV weights typically more than kg. Further components are metallic foils, organic electrolytes, special lithium-salts and electronic and structural components.
Thus, spent batteries are an interesting subject to establish concepts of circular economy. Due to the complexity of the battery structure and the size of a typical battery cell, as well as its chemical and potential energy content, several challenges arise during the handling and the processing of the batteries.
Metallurgy is a key enabler of a circular economy CE , its digitalization is the metallurgical Internet of Things m-IoT. Metallurgy is at the heart of a CE, as metals all have strong intrinsic recycling potentials.
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